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Women Engineering Leaders in Academe 2021

Women Engineering Leaders in Academe 2021

SWE’s nearly two-decades-long series profiling women deans has revealed some keen observations and insights into this key role. Reviewing highlights from over the years, we also take a look at where these leaders are now.

By Peggy Layne, P.E., F.SWE, FY97 SWE President

When SWE Magazine profiled Eleanor Baum, Ph.D., and Linda Katehi, Ph.D., in 2002, they were two of only 13 women leading engineering colleges in the United States. Dr. Baum was the first woman appointed dean of an engineering school at Pratt Institute, in 1984, and Dr. Katehi had just taken the helm at Purdue. Today there are 79 female deans of engineering, and a total of 183 women have served as dean since Dr. Baum’s appointment in 1984, as identified by the American Society for Engineering Education (ASEE). SWE has profiled 37 of these women engineering leaders in academe.

Deans play a key role in higher education, serving as a link between the faculty and the university administration. They have broad responsibilities over faculty hiring, budgets, alumni relations, and student success. The deans profiled in SWE Magazine have shared their perspectives on the rewards and pitfalls of the position.

For some, serving as dean is the capstone of their academic career, while for others, it is a steppingstone to other leadership positions in higher education. Of the 37 deans profiled, six currently continue in that role, five have served as dean at more than one institution, and 16 have gone on to other leadership roles, including vice president, provost, president, and chancellor.

Linda Katehi headshot

“Universities have very strong cultures. Even if you know a program will benefit the institution, you must get students, faculty, and staff to support it in order to implement. You can’t force it on them. People who try to implement good ideas without community support may fail.”

– Linda Katehi, Ph.D., distinguished professor and O’Donnell Foundation Chair II, Texas A&M University

Linda Katehi’s memoir detailing her career in academic leadership will be released this year.

The women deans we’ve interviewed over the years have taken a variety of career pathways. Some worked in industry before pursuing their Ph.D.s, while others took more traditional academic career paths. For example, SWE Achievement Award recipient Kristina Johnson, Ph.D., now serving as president of The Ohio State University, has moved from academe to government to industry and back to academe over the course of her career. Susan Blanchard, Ph.D., earned a biology degree and started a family in her early 20s before going back to school for degrees in biomedical engineering in her 30s. And M. Katherine Banks, Ph.D., raised six children while pursuing graduate degrees and rising through the academic ranks.

To see the pathways of these accomplished women, including where they are now, please see the sidebar below –  “Career Paths and Trajectories.”

The power in telling our stories

After serving as dean at Purdue, Dr. Katehi moved to the University of Illinois as provost in 2006 and then to the University of California, Davis as chancellor from 2009 to 2016. Now a distinguished professor at Texas A&M, Dr. Katehi presented a webinar (https://bit.ly/3rCKiNN) for SWE’s Academic Leadership for Women in Engineering program in June 2021 where she reflected on her long and illustrious career. In the webinar, she emphasized the importance of telling our stories. Her memoir, Higher Ground: A Woman’s Journey through the Hidden Halls of Academia, is scheduled for publication later this year.

As she moved from faculty into administration, Dr. Katehi came to realize that those positions are not as powerful as they appear, observing, “Universities have very strong cultures. Even if you know a program will benefit the institution, you must get students, faculty, and staff to support it in order to implement. You can’t force it on them. People who try to implement good ideas without community support may fail.” She thinks of administrative positions as service roles, ways to support the institution, colleagues, and students.

Women in leadership roles, particularly in a field where they are underrepresented such as engineering, face a lot of scrutiny. Dr. Katehi noted that “as you move from faculty to administration, the network of people you can trust becomes very small, especially for women. This is also true for underrepresented groups. One of my mentors told me that when you are an administrator, your enemies grow by the day, and you need to know when you have too many enemies that it is time to get out. If you go into administration to exercise power, it will not work. If you go to make change, know there will always be some who oppose you.”

SWE Achievement Award recipient Ilene Busch-Vishniac, Ph.D., was profiled in SWE Magazine in 2003 when she was serving as dean at Johns Hopkins University. She went on to become provost at McMaster University in Hamilton, Ontario, and president of the University of Saskatchewan. In a recent conversation with SWE Magazine, Dr. Busch-Vishniac recalled, “The early women deans have kept in touch. We would sit together at engineering deans meetings. In a room full of men, we wanted to be seen.”

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After several leadership roles, Ilene Busch- Vishniac left academia to do technical consulting.
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Pam Eibeck later became president of University of the Pacific.
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Cheryl Schrader described in her 2005 interview why and how she took on leadership roles.

Dr. Busch-Vishniac pointed out that for many of the early female engineering deans, it was their first administrative position, whereas their male colleagues were more likely to have served as department heads before becoming dean. She observed that the women deans have been highly qualified and many have moved on to higher positions, with more opportunities to move up now than in the past. “The average term for presidents and provosts is getting shorter,” she noted. “Women taking those roles need to be aware that they won’t be there for long. They need to think ahead about what they want to accomplish.”

When stepping out of an administrative position, academics need to make a choice regarding what to do next. If they go back to the faculty, they may resume their previous research area or change topics. After her presidency, Dr. Busch-Vishniac consulted in her area of technical expertise (acoustics) and is now working with a medical device startup to develop a smart stethoscope.  She exclaimed, “I’m working on a device that could save millions of lives, and having so much fun!”

Cheryl Schrader, Ph.D., was dean of engineering at Boise State and went on to become chancellor of Missouri University of Science and Technology and president of Wright State University. In her 2005 interview, she described why she took on leadership roles and how she went about it: “I wanted to make a difference, to have an impact. Early on I took responsibility and led efforts at the department, college, and university level. I identified a mentor in upper administration and learned some of the fine and subtle points of leadership. I sought opportunities to excel in my profession and to contribute my organizational skills within technical societies. Along the way I met with many successes and built confidence in my own abilities.”

While most faculty members don’t start out aspiring to administrative leadership roles, in her 2007 interview for SWE Magazine Pam Eibeck, Ph.D., noted that she “may have been the only assistant professor who actually wanted to be a dean. I was fascinated by people who had a big, broad vision of where the university fit in the larger society, what changes were going on in the legislature, the economy, with students. Many researchers focus on narrow problems, but I like to think broadly, so administrative jobs were interesting to me from the beginning.” After five years as dean of engineering at Texas Tech University, Dr. Eibeck served as president of the University of the Pacific from 2009 to 2019.

Contrasting institutions

Two recently profiled deans have moved into presidencies in the past two years at very different institutions. Gilda Barabino, Ph.D., became the second president of Olin College of Engineering in 2020, and Dr. Kathy Banks became the 26th president of Texas A&M on June 1, 2021. By way of comparison, Olin College is one of the newest higher-education institutions in the country, opening in 2002 as an entirely undergraduate private engineering school with 330 students, 48% of whom are women. As a highly selective institution, it provides partial scholarships for all its students and employs an interdisciplinary, project-based curriculum.

At nearly the opposite end of the spectrum, Texas A&M is one of the largest engineering colleges in the U.S., a public land grant institution, and the first institution of higher education in Texas, founded in 1871. With more than 59,000 students overall, 20,000 engineering students in 15 departments, and more than 700 faculty members, Texas A&M awards more than 2,000 bachelor’s degrees in engineering each year.

In her 2016 interview for SWE Magazine in 2016, Dr. Barabino described her approach to leadership:

“By nature I ascribe to authentic and servant leadership; that is, leadership motivated by personal conviction and values and by a desire to serve first, then lead.”

Dr. Barabino continued, “Earlier this month I was presented with an honorary degree from my alma mater, Xavier University of Louisiana, and during the presentation of the degree the citation read, in part, ‘shaped by the isolation and challenges that come with being a pioneer she has continued to excel in her own career and serve as a role model…’ In the same vein, being a pioneer — woman of color — has influenced my leadership style; my sensitivities to inequities are heightened and that further serves to reinforce my style as an authentic servant leader.”

Like many faculty members, Dr. Barabino did not start out aspiring to an administrative leadership position, but opportunities along the way broadened her perspective: “One of the biggest things I did early in my career was being open for opportunities to take on service and leadership roles, ranging from search committees to academic administration to leadership positions in professional societies. Though I did not have any aspirations toward academic administration as a faculty member, I remained open to considering a position as vice provost for undergraduate education at Northeastern University. I served in that role for three years as an associate professor and learned that serving as an academic administrator broadens one’s perspectives on higher education and one’s ability to pursue impactful activities. Through that experience, I realized that I had an aptitude for higher education leadership.”

In her 2018 interview, Dr. Banks credited SWE with starting her on the path to leadership:

“I first learned of my interest in leadership as an undergraduate when I was president of the Society of Women Engineers at the University of Florida.”

She added that, “Since then, I have held leadership roles in the American Society of Civil Engineers and the American Society of Engineering Education. All of these experiences have taught me how to effectively build consensus within diverse groups and lead large initiatives.”

Dr. Banks acknowledged the importance of mentors in her leadership journey: “There are many people who have supported and guided me throughout my career, and it would be impossible to name them all … My undergraduate advisor gave me the opportunity to conduct undergraduate research and convinced me to attend graduate school. My mentor in my first academic position encouraged me to enter a new research area, directed me toward funding opportunities, and supported me in leadership roles as the research topic gained international interest. At Purdue, I was mentored by two outstanding deans of engineering, Dean Linda Katehi and Dean Leah Jamieson, and inspired by President France Córdova … I have been very fortunate throughout my career to identify and work with very successful role models.”

On being a trailblazer

In her SWE webinar, Dr. Katehi noted that while many changes have improved conditions for women in engineering since she entered the field almost 50 years ago, she is sometimes still frustrated with what we have not yet been able to change. “We have made much progress, but there is still much left to do. Fifty years ago, we were asked to go through a dense forest and become trailblazers. Many others came behind and made the path wider so that it’s now a highway. Young women think the highway continues forever, but it stops somewhere, and you must be prepared so that when you find yourself at the end of the highway, you must persevere to make it easier for those who come after.”

Peggy Layne, P.E., F.SWE, is former assistant provost and director of the ADVANCE program at Virginia Tech. She holds degrees in environmental and water resources engineering and science and technology studies. She is the editor of Women in Engineering: Pioneers and Trailblazers and Women in Engineering: Professional Life (ASCE Press, 2009). A Fellow of the Society of Women Engineers, Layne served as SWE FY97 president.

Recommended Books and Talks from Women Engineering Leaders in Academe

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Gilda Barabino, dean at The City College of New York 2013–20, now president of Olin College

Servant Leadership
Robert Greenleaf
25th anniversary edition, Paulist Press, 2002

Servant Leadership by Robert Greenleaf. It puts a name to the approach I have taken to guide my career and my life’s work of serving the underserved. It is a timeless and insightful book on a form of leadership that is increasingly effective and addresses a societal need.”

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Kathy Banks, dean at Texas A&M 2012–21, now president of Texas A&M

Emotional Intelligence
Daniel Goleman
Random House Publishing Group;
10th anniversary edition, 2005

“One of the most impactful books for me was Emotional Intelligence by Daniel Goleman. I learned how to interact with my colleagues on a new level and developed key steps for addressing difficult management challenges with personnel.”

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Debra Larson, dean at California Polytechnic University, San Luis Obispo from 2011–17, now provost at California State University, Chico

Provost
Larry Nielsen
Stylus Publishing, 2013

Good to Great
Jim Collins
HarperBusiness, 2001

“I read all the time in this space, and whatever book I’m reading at the time is the best book. I’m currently reading Provost, by Larry Nielsen. It’s witty and practical — he had to resign and the book addresses lessons learned. What I really liked was his love of higher education and his love of the position in terms of higher values and purpose. The book I go back to over and over again is Good to Great, by Jim Collins.”

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Robin Coger, dean at North Carolina A&T State University since 2011

Mindset: The New Psychology of Success
Carol Dweck
Reprint edition, Ballantine Books, 2007

“Carol Dweck is the author of a book entitled Mindset: The New Psychology of Success that I have found to be important in understanding the philosophies (growth mindset vs. fixed mindset) that we use, as humans, in approaching life and its inevitable challenges. While the book may not be considered to be focused on ‘leadership’ in the traditional sense, I have found its content valuable in helping to understand myself and others while managing through times of rapid change.”

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Elaine Scott, dean at Santa Clara University since 2019, previously dean at the University of Washington Bothell

Presumed Incompetent: The Intersections of Race and Class for Women in Academia
Gabriella Gutiérrez y Muhs et al. eds.
Utah State University Press, 2012

Whistling Vivaldi: How Stereotypes Affect Us and What We Can Do
Claude Steele
W.W. Norton & Co., 2011

“We used both books for schoolwide faculty book readings and workshops. Presumed Incompetent looks at the issues women of color face as faculty in academia — the faculty made changes in how they do things as a result of reading this. Whistling Vivaldi looks at how stereotypes affect us. We looked at how they affect how we teach and what to do about it. Both books generated very interesting discussions.”

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Barbara Boyan, dean at Virginia Commonwealth University since 2013

A Man for All Seasons
Robert Bolt
Vintage; Reissue edition, 1990

“The book that has had the profoundest effect on me is A Man for All Seasons. One idea that really impacted how I address challenges is that one can always find a way to make a situation work until one can’t. That is when it is ethically and morally repugnant to continue. When that happens, a still small voice inside speaks loudly and it is time to say ‘No more.’”

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Jenna Carpenter, founding dean at Campbell University since 2015

Why So Few? Women in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics
American Association of University Women

“For women, I think it is important to understand the challenges that are unique to women in leadership roles. There are strategies for managing around those, but it is key that you realize the impact of implicit bias and things like microaggressions. One book I always recommend is Why So Few? by the American Association of University Women. It is available for free download on their website. It does a great job of outlining key challenges women face, the research behind them, and best practice strategies for managing around them.”

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Julia Ross, dean at Virginia Tech since 2014

Rising to the Top: Global Women Engineering Leaders Share Their Journeys to Professional Success
Global Engineering Deans Council

“Sometimes, being in a leadership position can be lonely, especially for women in engineering leadership roles. I am inspired by personal stories shared in Rising to the Top: Global Women Engineering Leaders Share Their Journeys to Professional Success. There is a larger community out there than many realize.”

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Nada Anid, dean at the New York Institute of Technology from 2009–2018, now vice president for strategic communications and external affairs for NYIT

The Internet of Women
Nada Anid, Laurie Cantileno, Monique Morrow, Rahilla Zafar, eds.
River Publishers, 2016

“Why the Only Future Worth Building Includes Everyone”
Pope Francis, TEDx talk

“Why We Have Too Few Women Leaders”
Sheryl Sandberg, TEDx Talk

“Pope Francis because he says, ‘Tenderness is not weakness; it is fortitude. It is the path of humility; the more powerful you are, the more your actions have an impact on people, the more responsible you are to act humbly.’ Sheryl Sandberg because she encourages women to ‘sit at the table,’ persist, and rely on their partner.” She also recommends her book, The Internet of Women, and an NYIT TEDx talk on the power of persistence and community.

Career Pathways and Trajectories

View as a PDF file

NameYear ProfiledDean InstitutionDesciplineCurrentOther Positions
Eleanor Baum2002Cooper Union, 1985-2010ElectricalRetiredPreviously dean at Pratt 1985-1997, retired
Linda P. B. Katehi2002Purdue University 2002-2006ElectricalDist prof Texas A&MProvost Illinois 2006-09, chancellor UC Davis 2009-2016,
Denice D. Denton2003University of Washington, 1996-2005ElectricalDeceasedChancellor UCSC 2005-06, deceased
Ilene Busch-Vishniac2003Johns Hopkins University, 1998-2003MechanicalChief Innovation Officer, Sonavi LabsProvost McMaster, president U Saskatchewan 2012-14
Janie Fouke2004Michigan State University, 1999-2005BiomedicalDean, Nanyang Tech U, SingaporeProvost U Florida 2005-2008
Belle Wei2004San Jose State University, 2002-2012ElectricalChair, Center for Advancing Women in Technology, Professor of Engineering Education & Innovative Learning, SJSUProvost Cal State Chico 2012-14
Zorica Pantic2005University of Texas, San Antonio, 2001-2005ElectricalHigher education consultantPresident Wentworth Inst Tech 2005 – 2019
Cheryl B. Schrader2005Boise State University, 2003-2011ElectricalRetiredChancellor MO S&T 2012-17, president Wright State 2017-19
Zulma Toro-Ramos2005Wichita State University, 2005-2013IndustrialPresident, Central Conn State 2017-Chancellor UPR Mayaguez 1999-2001, dean New Haven 2001-05, provost U Ark Little Rock 2013-17,
Linda C. Lucas2006University of Alabama, Birmingham, 2001-2012BiomedicalRetiredProvost UAB 2012-17
Linda Abriola2006Tufts University, 2003-2015EnvironmentalSorensen Family Professor of Engineering, Brown UniversityInstitute director & university professor at Tufts 2016-21
Kristina M Johnson2007Duke University, 1999-2007ElectricalPresident, The Ohio State UniversityProvost JHU 2007-2009, under sec DOE 2009-2010, chancellor SUNY 2017-2020
Pamela A. Eibeck2007Texas Tech University, 2004-2009MechanicalRetiredPresident U Pacific 2009-19
Esin Gulari2007Clemson University, 2006-2012ChemicalRetiredDirector, Chemical & Transport Systems Division and acting assistant director for engineering at NSF, 2000-2004; professor, Wayne State University, 1979-2000
Susan M. Blanchard2008Florida Gulf Coast University, 2005-2012BiomedicalRetiredProfessor, NCSU, 1993-2005; Research associate & assistant research professor, Duke, 1983-1993
Sallie Ann Keller2008Rice University, 2005-2010StatisticsDivision director, Biocomplexity Institute, UVAIDA director 2010-12, provost Waterloo 2012-13
Candis S Claiborn2008Washington State University, 2006-2016ChemicalProfessor and dean emeritusAssistant professor, associate professor, professor, Washington State University 1991-2016
Cherrice Traver2009Union College, 2005-2011ElectricalDistinguished professor, Union CollegeProfessor, Union College, 1986 – present
Deirdre Meldrum2009Arizona State University, 2007-2011ElectricalDistinguished professor, Arizona StateProfessor, University of Washington, 1992-2006
Dianne Dorland2010Rowan University, 2000-2010ChemicalRetiredProfessor, University of Minnesota Duluth, 1986-2000
Sandra Woods2010Oregon State, 2012-2014CivilRetiredProfessor, Oregon State, 1984-2001; department head Colorado State, 2001-2005; dean Colorado State 2005 – 2012
Leah H. Jamieson2011Purdue University, 2006-2017ElectricalDistinguished professor, PurdueProfessor, Purdue, 1976 – present
Sarah A Rajala2012Iowa State, 2013-2019ElectricalRetiredProfessor, NCSU, 1979-2006;  dean MS State 2008 – 2013
Laura J. Steinberg2012Syracuse University, 2008-2014CivilExecutive director, Institute for Integrated Science and Society, Boston College 2020-Professor, Tulane University, 1995-2006; Professor & department chair, SMU, 2006-2008
Kathleen A. Kramer2013Director of Engineering, Univ of San Diego, 2004-2013ElectricalProfessor, University of San DiegoProfessor, University of San Diego, 2004 –
Cristina H. Amon2013University of Toronto, 2006-2019MechanicalDistinguished professor, U TorontoProfessor, Carnegie Mellon University, 1988-2006
Debra Larson2015California Polytechnic State Univ SLO, 2011-2017CivilProvost, Cal State U Chico 2017-Professor, department chair, associate dean, associate vice provost, Northern Arizona U, 1994-2011
Robin Coger2016North Carolina A&T, 2012-MechanicalDean, NCA&TAssistant professor, associate professor, professor, UNC Charlotte, 1996-2011
Gilda A. Barabino2016City College CUNY, 2013-2020BiomedicalPresident Olin College 2020-Professor, Northeastern University, 1989-2007; professor Georgia Tech 2007-2013
Nada Marie Assaf-Anid2017New York Institute of Technology, 2009-2018ChemicalVP Strategic Communications 2018-Professor and department chair, Manhattan College, 1994-2009
Elaine P. Scott2017Santa Clara University, 2019-ElectricalDean, Santa Clara UniversityDirector, eng prog Seattle Pacific 2006-2012, dean UW Bothel 2012-19
Katherine M. Banks2018Texas A&M University, 2012-2021CivilPresident, TAMU 2021-Assistant & associate professor, Kansas State University, 1989-1997; Professor & department head, Purdue, 1997-2012
Sharon L. Wood P.E.2018University of Texas at Austin, 2013-2021CivilProvost, U Texas Austin 2021-Assistant professor, associate professor, professor, University of Illinois 1986-1996; professor & department head, U Texas, 1996-2013
Emily L. Allen2019California State University, Los Angeles, 2013-Material scienceDean, Cal State LAAssistant professor, associate professor, professor, department chair, associate dean, San Jose State, 1992-2013
Barbara D. Boyan2019Virginia Commonwealth University, 2013-BiomedicalDean, VCUAssistant professor, associate professor, professor, U Texas San Antonio, 1981-2002; professor & associate dean, Georgia Tech, 2002-2012
Julia M. Ross2020Virginia Tech, 2014-ChemicalDean, Virginia TechAssistant professor, associate professor, professor, department chair, UMBC, 1995-2014; dean UMBC 2014 – 2017
Jenna P. Carpenter2020Campbell University, 2015-MathDean, Campbell UAssistant professor, associate professor, professor, associate dean, Louisiana Tech, 1989-2015

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